Amerika irekura amabwiriza yo gusuzuma no kuvura indwara yubwonko mu bana
Amerika irekura amabwiriza yo gusuzuma no kuvura indwara yubwonko mu bana
Anonim

Muri Amerika, abana bagera kuri 10 kuri 100 000 000 bahitanwa n'indwara y'umutima buri mwaka. Mu ishyirahamwe ryayo rya mbere ryasohoye umurongo ngenderwaho mu gusuzuma no kuvura indwara y’imitsi ku bana, Ishyirahamwe ry’umutima ry’Abanyamerika ryatangaje ko indwara y’abana mu bana idasanzwe, ariko ko itakiri gake. E. Steve Roach, MD, akaba n'umwarimu w’ubuvuzi bw’abana bato mu ishuri rikuru ry’ubuvuzi rya Leta ya Ohio, yavuze ko abana bafite ibyago byinshi byo guhitanwa n’umutima mu mezi abiri ya mbere nyuma yo kuvuka.

Muri rusange abana bafite ubwonko butandukanye nabakuze. Mugihe, 80% yubwonko bwabantu bakuru ni ischemic (kuzibira mumitsi bigabanya amaraso mubwonko), ni 55% gusa mubana. Abana 45% basigaye bagwa mu mitsi iterwa no kuva amaraso mu bwonko.

Ndetse ibintu bishobora guteza ingaruka nabyo biratandukanye hagati yabantu bakuru nabana. Mugihe, abantu benshi bakuze bafite ibintu nkumuvuduko ukabije wamaraso, kunywa itabi, cyangwa ibindi bibazo bya arterial, mubana bikunze kugaragara ni indwara zifata umuhoro n'indwara z'umutima.

Roach yongeye kwerekana ko inkorora ari ikimenyetso cya mbere cyo kuburira izo ndwara bityo rero ni ngombwa kumenya vuba no gusuzuma indwara yubwonko. Yongeyeho ko kuvura icyabiteye bigabanya amahirwe yo kongera inkorora.

Yakomeje asobanura kuri iki kibazo Roach yavuze ko mu bana bavutse, ibimenyetso bya mbere akenshi ari ugufata ukuboko cyangwa ukuguru. Nyamara, gufatwa ni ibimenyetso bitamenyerewe cyane kubantu bakuru. Tekinoroji yerekana amashusho agezweho nka magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), hamwe na comptabilite ya tomografiya (CT) bifasha cyane mugupima no gufasha kwirinda kwangirika kwimitsi ndetse nubwonko buzaza. Amabwiriza yasohotse muri Stroke: Ikinyamakuru cyAbanyamerika Yumutima.

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