Impuguke za informatics zivuga ko gushimangira amasezerano ya HIT hamwe nuburere n’imyitwarire yo kurinda umutekano w’abarwayi
Impuguke za informatics zivuga ko gushimangira amasezerano ya HIT hamwe nuburere n’imyitwarire yo kurinda umutekano w’abarwayi
Anonim

Raporo yumwimerere kandi itera imbere kubucuruzi bwamakuru yubuzima (HIT), abakiriya babo n’abarwayi, yasohotse kumurongo uyumunsi, itanga ibyifuzo byuburyo bushya bugamije kugabanya cyangwa gukuraho amakimbirane asanzwe ahuza umubano hagati yabacuruzi benshi ba HIT nabakiriya babo., byumwihariko kubijyanye n'indishyi no gucunga amakosa ya sisitemu ya HIT. Dukurikije ubushoramari bwa Obama bwinjije miliyari 19 muri HIT, bwishyuwe mu kigega cyo gukangurira ARRA, ibi byifuzo bifite akamaro kanini mu gufasha kurushaho gukoresha inyandiko z’ubuzima bwa elegitoroniki n’ibindi bikoresho mu gihe cyo kuva mu mpapuro, byumvikane ko ari imbogamizi. kuvura neza abarwayi.

Ibyifuzo, byemejwe na AMIA- ishyirahamwe ryinzobere mu gutanga amakuru hamwe n’ubuyobozi bwizewe mu muryango wa HIT-duharanira guhuza umubano w’abacuruzi n’abakiriya mu mucyo, ukuri, no kubazwa binyuze mu burezi bufatanije bwibanze ku gushyiraho, kugena no gukoresha HIT sisitemu, ifatanije nubucuruzi bugamije imyitwarire myiza kugirango dushyigikire umutekano wabarwayi. Ibyifuzo nibisubizo byo kuganirwaho na Task Force yashyizweho na Board ya AMIA. Imyanya yimyanya izagaragara muri Mutarama / Gashyantare 2011 icapiro rya JAMIA, ikinyamakuru cyasuzumwe n’urungano rwasuzumiwe na informatics mu buzima na biomedicine, cyanditswe na AMIA hamwe nitsinda rya BMJ.

Umuyobozi w'inama y'ubutegetsi ya AMIA, Nancy M. Lorenzi, PhD, Umuyobozi wungirije ushinzwe ubuzima, akaba na Porofeseri wa Biomedical Informatics, kaminuza ya Vanderbilt, yagize ati: "Byari bikenewe gusuzuma, kwiga no gusesengura ibibazo bijyanye n'ubugenzuzi bukwiye." "Hamwe n’inyungu n’ishoramari muri HIT nkuko bimeze muri iki gihe, AMIA-itabogamye ku muntu wa gatatu-yashakaga kureba bundi bushya imvi ziriho hagati y’abacuruzi n’abakiriya babo kugira ngo barebe aho ibikorwa bishya byashyirwa mu bikorwa kugira ngo barusheho gufasha abarwayi ibisubizo no kurinda abarwayi, ubwo buryo bukaba bukora. Turatekereza ko ibi byifuzo bikora akazi keza ko gukemura ibibazo no gushyira mu gaciro ku isoko rya HIT no mu rwego rw’ubuzima."

Raporo yiswe "HIT Abacuruzi, abakiriya babo n’abarwayi: Inzitizi nshya mu myitwarire, umutekano, imikorere myiza no kugenzura," itanga ibyifuzo byihariye ku rurimi rw’amasezerano, uburezi n’imyitwarire, amahame mbwirizamuco, amatsinda y'abakoresha, imyitozo myiza, no kwamamaza. Igice cy'inyongera kivuga Amabwiriza no kugenzura inganda za HIT n'intambwe ikurikira.

Umwanditsi wa mbere wa raporo ni Kenneth W. Goodman, PhD, FACMI, umuyobozi wa gahunda ya Bioethics ya kaminuza ya Miami. Dr. Goodman yayoboye Task Force ishinzwe raporo, itsinda ry’abanyamuryango ba AMIA rigizwe n’abahagarariye amashuri makuru, inganda, n’ibigo nderabuzima bikomeye.

Dr. Goodman ati: "AMIA yatanze ihuriro rikomeye aho ibiganiro bigoye kandi rimwe na rimwe bivuguruzanya byaganiriweho, bigasesengurwa kandi bishyize mu gaciro". Yongeyeho ati: "Sisitemu ya HIT iragaragara hose muri iyi minsi kandi ikeneye kugenzurwa neza. Ibi byifuzo byerekana ubushake buke bw’umutekano w’abarwayi, ubuvuzi bwiza, ndetse n’intego zita ku buzima bushya rimwe na rimwe bigoye guhuza. Ibi byifuzo birashobora gufasha ibigo bitandukanye kubikora. byinshi byo gushyigikira ishyirwa mu bikorwa rya HIT."

Mu byifuzo harimo ururimi rwamasezerano rwerekanwe kurinda umutekano w’abarwayi no kwerekana inshingano zisangiwe n’abacuruzi n’abakiriya babo kugira ngo bishyirwe mu bikorwa neza. "Komeza kutagira ingaruka" mu masezerano hagati y'abacuruzi n'abaguzi cyangwa abakoresha amavuriro, akuraho abacuruzi amakosa cyangwa inenge muri software zabo, bitangazwa na AMIA.

Umwanya wa AMIA uvuga ko "sisitemu ya HIT itekanye kandi igenda neza bisaba uburere mbonezamuco, byahindutse igice gisanzwe cyiterambere ryumwuga mubucuruzi." Abacuruzi ba HIT hamwe nabakiriya babo barasabwa kwiga imyigishirize yimyitwarire yimishinga yose kugirango ibangikanye nibyo ibigo nderabuzima byemewe. Ibipimo ngenderwaho byimyitwarire hamwe nuburere bukurikira kubyerekeye amahame nabyo birasabwa. Ibikoresho bitandukanye byamakuru, byinshi bigamije gukoresha nyuma yisoko, byavuzwe mubikorwa byiza byo gufasha ibigo nubuvuzi mugushira mubikorwa neza HIT.

Perezida wa AMIA akaba n'umuyobozi mukuru, Edward H. Shortliffe, MD, PhD, yashimye Task Force n'ibikorwa byayo. "Iri tsinda ry’abatanga amakuru n’abayobozi b’inganda basanze ari ngombwa guhuza imyitwarire y’ubucuruzi kugira ngo HIT igerweho neza. Icyifuzo cyabo kiringaniza imbaraga zituma isoko rya HIT rihiganwa hamwe n’ibikenewe bifatika by’abaganga, abarwayi, abashakashatsi, abashinzwe ubuzima rusange n’abayobozi. AMIA ihagaze ku kazi kabo kandi twizera ko ibi byifuzo bizakirwa n'umuryango wa HIT."

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