Kugabanuka k'ubukungu byatewe n'izamuka rikomeye mu bipimo byo guhohotera abana
Kugabanuka k'ubukungu byatewe n'izamuka rikomeye mu bipimo byo guhohotera abana
Anonim

Ibipimo byo guhohoterwa kumubiri no gukomeretsa ubwonko mubana bo muri Amerika byiyongereye muntangiriro ya 21st ikinyejana, kandi ihungabana ry'ubukungu riherutse ndetse n'ikibazo cy'amazu bishobora kuba nyirabayazana, nk'uko ubushakashatsi bushya bubyerekana.

Abashakashatsi bagaragaje ko nubwo muri rusange umubare w’imvune wagabanutseho 0,8 ku ijana mu gihe kimwe, ihohoterwa ry’umubiri ndetse n’ubwonko byiyongereye cyane mu gihe kimwe.

Ubushakashatsi bushya bwasohotse mu kinyamakuru Pediatrics, bwerekanye ko ibitaro by’ibitaro by’ihohoterwa rishingiye ku mubiri byazamutseho 0,79 ku ijana naho abinjira mu bwonko bw’ubwonko bakaba barazamutseho 3,1% kuva 2000 na 2009.

Muganga Joanne Wood wo mu bitaro by’abana bya Philadelphia na bagenzi be na bo basanze ko ihohoterwa rikorerwa abana risaba kwinjira mu bitaro ryiyongereyeho 3 ku ijana kandi n’ubwonko bw’ihungabana ry’ubwonko bukekwa ko buterwa no guhohotera abana bwiyongereyeho 5 ku ijana buri mwaka kuri buri 1 kwiyongera kw'ijana muminsi 90-yo gutanga inguzanyo kuva 2000 kugeza 2009.

Mu magambo ye, Wood yagize ati: "Twari dufite impungenge ko abashinzwe ubuzima ndetse n'abakozi bashinzwe imibereho myiza y'abana batangaje ko babonye ibibazo bikabije byo guhohotera abana, nyamara amakuru yo mu rwego rwo kurengera abana agaragaza ko agabanuka." "Birazwi neza ko ihungabana ry'ubukungu ryagize uruhare mu kwiyongera kw'ihohoterwa rikorerwa abana, bityo twifuzaga kugera ku ndunduro ya raporo zinyuranye twiga ku bitaro ku buryo bunini."

Ubushakashatsi buheruka kwerekana amahirwe ku bigo bishinzwe imibereho myiza y’abana n’ibitaro byo gufatanya no gusangira amakuru kugira ngo hashyizweho ingamba zigamije gukumira no gutabara mu baturage batandukanye.

Wood ati: "Insanganyamatsiko ebyiri zingenzi zivuye muri ubu bushakashatsi." "Icya mbere, tubona amahirwe asobanutse yo gukoresha amakuru y'ibitaro hamwe n'imibereho myiza y'abana kugira ngo tumenye neza umubare w'ihohoterwa rikorerwa abana haba mu gihugu ndetse no mu gihugu.

"Icya kabiri, ubushakashatsi bugaragaza ikindi kibazo cy’ubukungu - kwaka inguzanyo - bifitanye isano n’ihohoterwa rikabije ry’umubiri. Nkuko biteganijwe ko ikibazo cy’imitungo kizakomeza kubaho mu gihe cya vuba, ibisubizo birerekana ko ari ngombwa gusobanukirwa neza n’ingutu z’uko umutekano muke uturuka ku miryango. n'abaturage kugira ngo turusheho kubatera inkunga mu bihe bigoye ".

Abashakashatsi bavuze ko ibigo bya Leta bikorana n’abana batishoboye ndetse n’imiryango bishobora kurushaho kwitegura gufasha mu gihe hagaragaye impamvu ziterwa n’ingaruka ziterwa n’ihohoterwa rikorerwa abana.

Wood yabisobanuye agira ati: "Urugero, ingamba zo gukumira hakiri kare zishobora gutangirira ku muganga w’abana cyangwa umujyanama w’imiturire atanga ibikoresho ndetse no kohereza imiryango ku miryango."

Imibare yaturutse muri Minisiteri y’ubuzima n’ibikorwa bya Leta zunze ubumwe za Amerika yasanze ihohoterwa rikorerwa abana rishobora gukurura ingaruka z’igihe kirekire mu mibereho no ku muntu ku giti cye, harimo no kwiyongera ku buryo butaziguye ku mfashanyo rusange na serivisi z’imibereho, nko kuva Medicaid no kurera kugeza ku buryo butaziguye ibiciro nkigipimo kinini cyibikorwa byubugizi bwa nabi, uburwayi bwo mu mutwe, kunywa ibiyobyabwenge n’ihohoterwa rikorerwa mu ngo.

Umushakashatsi Dr. David Rubin, umuyobozi wa PolicyLab muri The, "Umushakashatsi Dr. Ibitaro by'abana bya Philadelphia, nk'uko byatangajwe.

"Biranyibutsa ko iyo mbonye imiryango mu myitozo yanjye yatakaje ubwishingizi cyangwa bahinduye amazu, kugira ngo nkore ubushakashatsi buke ku bibazo bahura nabyo. Nk'abaturage, twese dukeneye kugera kuri byinshi. kumenya imiryango ishobora guhura n’ibibazo no kubafasha kubashakira ibikoresho bikwiye kugira ngo babone inkunga ", Rubin yongeyeho.

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