Autism na ADHD Bihujwe nimico isanzwe: Ibindi bimenyetso byerekana ibisekuruza bisangiwe mubibazo byo mumutwe
Autism na ADHD Bihujwe nimico isanzwe: Ibindi bimenyetso byerekana ibisekuruza bisangiwe mubibazo byo mumutwe
Anonim

Indwara ya Autism spekrice (ASD) hamwe no kwitondera-defisit hyperactivivite (ADHD) yagiye yiyongera cyane mumyaka yashize nkibiri mubibazo bikunze kugaragara mubibazo byimyitwarire naba psychosocial. Nubwo byombi bifite itandukaniro rishingiye ku gitsina no ku mubiri, ubushakashatsi bushya bwerekanye imico ihuriweho muri ibyo byombi, bishyigikira ibyagaragaye mbere ku mpamvu z’ingaruka zishingiye ku ngirabuzima fatizo.

Ibyavuye mu mpaka

Kwipimisha ASD na ADHD bigenda byiyongera - ASD isuzumwa umwe mubana 88 bari munsi yimyaka umunani, ADHD hafi imwe kuri 10 - bityo impaka zijyanye no gusuzuma indwara zo mumutwe ziyongera mubunini. Rife hamwe nimpamvu zidasobanutse nibimenyetso bidafite gihamya, benshi usanga barushijeho kuba polarize kubera amakuru make. Ubushakashatsi bushya bwerekana isano iri hagati yibi bibazo byombi kandi bigatera impaka kuri ASD na ADHD bifite imizi imwe.

Abashakashatsi bo mu bitaro bikuru bya Massachusetts i Boston, bayobowe n’umushakashatsi wa ADHD Amelia Kotte, basesenguye imyitwarire y’abana 240 bafite ADHD na 227 batayifite. Bashakishije imico (ATs) mumatsinda yombi, amaherezo basanga munsi yijana ryabana batari ADHD berekana AT hamwe nabana bagera kuri 18 kwijana ryabana bafite ADHD batsinze cyane kuri AT. Ibipimo biranga autistic harimo urwego rwo kwikuramo nibibazo byimibereho nibitekerezo, nkuko byatangajwe nababyeyi b'abana.

Abashakashatsi bashoje bati: "Umubare munini w'abana ba ADHD bagaragaza ATs, kandi aberekana AT bafite uburemere bukabije bw'indwara no kudakora neza."

Mu bana bapimwe, abafite ADHD bakunze kwerekana imyitwarire yegeranye n'ibimenyetso bya ASD, nko kujya mu mirwano, kwangwa na bagenzi babo, kugira ibibazo na barumuna babo, no guhura n'ikibazo mu ishuri. Izindi mico nazo zari zihari, zerekana inzira yimbitse ya geneti. Muri byo harimo uburwayi bwo mu mutwe nk'imyitwarire idahwitse, guhungabana, kutavuga ururimi, n'ibibazo byo guhangayika.

Impamvu Zisanzwe Mubibazo

ASD yitabiriwe cyane mumezi ashize kubera umubano uhoraho ninkingo. Mugihe ibimenyetso byinshi bigenda byerekana ko nta sano riri hagati yinkingo ziremereye mukivuka no kwiyongera kwa autism, abakekeranya berekana uburyo butemewe muburyo bwubushakashatsi. Ikigo gishinzwe kurwanya no gukumira indwara kivuga ko hafi umwe mu bahungu 54 basuzumwe indwara ya autism, guhera ku mvugo ikaze ndetse no mu mibereho ndetse no ku mikorere ikabije ya syndrome ya Asperger. Hagati aho, ADHD, ifite impaka zayo zijyanye no kwiyongera kw'indwara. Abunganira bavuga ingaruka ziterwa na genetique, mugihe abakekeranya bashira inshingano kubabyeyi nuburyo bwo gusabana.

Dr. Jordan Smoller wo mu bitaro bikuru bya Massachusetts, umwe mu bashakashatsi bayoboye ubushakashatsi mpuzamahanga buherutse kugaragara i Lancet bwerekanye isano iri hagati ya autism, ADHD yagize ati: "Izi mvururu twatekerezaga ko zitandukanye cyane zishobora kuba zidafite imipaka ikarishye.", hamwe nizindi ndwara zo mu mutwe.

Dr. Bruce Cuthbert wo mu kigo cy’igihugu gishinzwe ubuzima bwo mu mutwe (NIMH), yateye inkunga ubwo bushakashatsi, yavuze ko iyi mirongo idasobanutse neza ishobora kugira ingaruka zikomeye ku buryo umuryango w’ubuvuzi usuzuma indwara zo mu mutwe. Kimwe nuko ububabare bwo mu gatuza budashobora kwerekana ibimenyetso byumutima, uburwayi bwo mumutwe bushobora kugira ibimenyetso bitandukanye. Kwiga intandaro yimwe, ntabwo ari iyindi, birashobora gufasha abaganga kubuvura.

Ubushakashatsi bwa NIMH bwarimo gusesengura ibibazo bitanu: sikizofreniya, indwara ya bipolar, autism, ADHD, no kwiheba. Abashakashatsi basuzumye genome y’abarwayi 33, 332 bafite ibibazo bitanu byose hamwe na 27, 888. Ku nshuro yambere, basanze guhuzagurika hagati yimpamvu zose ziterwa ningaruka. Mu buryo busobanutse neza, ikintu kimwe cya genetike cyagize ibyago 17 kugeza 28 ku ijana byo kugira ikibazo icyo ari cyo cyose.

Abashakashatsi banzuye ko ibyo bagezeho byumvikana, kubera ko ingaruka zimyitwarire yizo ndwara eshanu zikunda guhura. Icy'ingenzi cyane, ibyagaragaye birerekana akamaro ko guhuza ibinyabuzima mu kuvura indwara ubwabo. Kwitegereza imyitwarire gusa bikunda kugabanuka.

Cuthbert yabwiye Huffington Post ati: "Niba koko dushaka gusuzuma no gufata abantu neza, tugomba kurushaho gusobanukirwa neza ibitagenda neza mu binyabuzima."

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